Welcome to the New York Judges and Court Clerks Page


The role our Courts play when handling cases involving Commercial Drivers Licenses cannot be minimized. Lack of knowledge and failure to identify these cases contribute to the problem of "Masking" which can also result in improper/unethical case dispositions. We must continue to remind ourselves that the ultimate goal is to reduce crashes and save lives.

Knowledge of the terms Masking, Disqualification and Conviction are also critical parts of the equation. These terms and the disqualifying offenses they encompass define the duties of the court.Easy access to these terms and definitions have been provided.

The resources in this page will supply you with  information you will need to make sure that convictions are properly and accurately  recorded on the driver record.

Additional resources are also provided on this page from other traffic safety  partners as well, this will the courts to respond to challenges that may arise in cases before them. For that reason a page expressly designated for the prosecutors and /or defense counsel has been developed so they can be directed to for the information they may need to ensure proper anti-masking practices are preserved,

As always, outreach is available for any county or court that is in need of it. I can be contacted at ggraber7122@outlook.com at any time. 

Please scroll down through this page for all of the helpful information.



Scroll Down for Court Partners/Important Definitions/DMV Memos/Ethics Opinions/ Safety Related Reports/ Tax/ Transportation Law Flowcharts

National Center For State Courts (NCSC)

Interactive 49 CFR 383.51 Tables

National Center For State Courts (NCSC)

Commercial Drivers Resource Center


 NJC 2024 Class Schedule


National Judicial College CDL Resource Links

Commercial Drivers License Resource Page


Disqualification of Driver Bench Cards


New York State Links to Statues



CDL Benchcard 2023 Pages Pdf
PDF – 4.9 MB 21 downloads


BTL Vol 29 No 9 Sept 2021 KY CDL Advisory Comm Outreach Project
PDF – 1.4 MB 188 downloads
Nov 2021 BTL Vol 29 No 11 Importance Of Judicial Recognition Of CD Ls 1558
PDF – 438.3 KB 148 downloads
July BTL Masking
PDF – 286.0 KB 20 downloads

Scroll Down for Important Definitions/DMV Memos/Ethics Opinions/Safety Related Reports/Tax/ Transportation Law Flowcharts


49CFR § 384.226 Prohibition on masking convictions.

The State must not mask, defer imposition of judgment, or allow an individual to enter into a diversion program that would prevent a CLP or CDL holder's conviction for any violation, in any type of motor vehicle, of a State or local traffic control law (other than parking, vehicle weight, or vehicle defect violations) from appearing on the CDLIS driver record, whether the driver was convicted for an offense committed in the State where the driver is licensed or another State.




49 CFR §383.5 Commerce

(1) Any trade, traffic, or transportation within the jurisdiction of the United States between a place in a State and a place outside of such State, including a place outside of the United States; or

(2) Trade, traffic, and transportation in the United States that affects any trade, traffic, and transportation described in paragraph (1) of this definition.



49 CFR§383.5 Conviction

Conviction means an unvacated adjudication of guilt, or a determination that a person has violated or failed to comply with the law in a court of original jurisdiction or by an authorized administrative tribunal, an unvacated forfeiture of bail or collateral deposited to secure the person's appearance in court, a plea of guilty or nolo contendere accepted by the court, the payment of a fine or court cost, or violation of a condition of release without bail, regardless of whether or not the penalty is rebated, suspended, or probated.



49 CFR § 383.5 Disqualification

Disqualification means any of the following three actions:

(1) The suspension, revocation, or cancellation of a CLP or CDL by the State or jurisdiction of issuance.

(2) Any withdrawal of a person's privileges to drive a CMV by a State or other jurisdiction as the result of a violation of State or local law relating to motor vehicle traffic control (other than parking, vehicle weight or vehicle defect violations).

(3) A determination by the FMCSA that a person is not qualified to operate a commercial motor vehicle under part 391 of this subchapter.




Scroll Down for /DMV Memos/Ethics Opinions/ Safety Related Reports/ Tax/Transportation Law Flowcharts


96 Hour Memo
PDF – 47.6 KB 163 downloads
PDF – 49.8 KB 160 downloads
ACD Prohibition
PDF – 53.2 KB 152 downloads
PDF – 39.5 KB 178 downloads
PDF – 18.3 KB 217 downloads


PDF – 104.1 KB 178 downloads
Corporate Substitution
PDF – 71.7 KB 143 downloads
Disposition Codes
PDF – 273.9 KB 178 downloads
Bail Forfeiture Memo
PDF – 40.2 KB 148 downloads
M 9 CLP CDL Anti Masking And Mandatory Reporting Requirements 1
PDF – 1.3 MB 121 downloads


Opinion 14 Plea Bargains
Word – 25.8 KB 187 downloads
15 85 Amended A Judge May Review A Defendants Driving History
PDF – 68.5 KB 157 downloads


2024  Post Core Training Powerpoint Notes Pages

2024 Post Core Pdf
PDF – 3.1 MB 18 downloads


§ 1805. Plea of guilty, how put in. The provisions of section 170.10 of the criminal procedure law and the provisions of section eighteen hundred seven of this article may be waived, to the extent hereinafter indicated, by a defendant charged with a violation of any provision of the tax law or the transportation law regulating traffic, or a traffic infraction, as defined in this chapter, other than a third or subsequent speeding violation committed within a period of eighteen months, provided that he shall submit to the local criminal court having jurisdiction, in person, by duly authorized agent, by first class mail or by registered or certified mail, return receipt requested, an application setting forth (a) the nature of the charge, (b) the information or instructions required by section eighteen hundred seven of this article to be given defendant upon arraignment, (c) that defendant waives arraignment in open court and the aid of counsel, (d) that he pleads guilty to the offense as charged, (e) that defendant elects and requests that the charge be disposed of and the fine or penalty fixed by the court, pursuant to this section, (f) any statement or explanation that the defendant may desire to make concerning the offense charged and (g) that defendant makes all statements with respect to such application under penalty of perjury. This application shall be in such form as the commissioner shall prescribe and a copy thereof shall be handed to the defendant by the officer charging him with such offense. Thereupon the local criminal court may proceed as though the defendant had been convicted upon a plea of guilty in open court, provided, however, that any imposition of fine or penalty hereunder shall be deemed tentative until such fine or penalty shall have been paid and discharged in full, prior to which time such court, in its discretion, may annul any proceedings hereunder, including such tentative imposition of fine or penalty, and deny the application, in which event the charge shall be disposed of pursuant to the applicable provisions of law, as though no proceedings had been had under this section. If upon receipt of the aforesaid application such court shall deny the same, it shall thereupon inform the defendant of this fact, and that he is required to appear before the said court at a stated time and place to answer the charge which shall thereafter be disposed of pursuant to the applicable provisions of law.

Department of Justice Memos on Fine Collections

Dear Colleague Letter
PDF – 139.3 KB 97 downloads
Doj Fines And Fees Dear Colleague Letter Final With Signatures 0
PDF – 622.5 KB 103 downloads

Scroll Down for Tax Law and Transportation Law Flowcharts

 Transportation Law Flowcharts (140)

TRANSLAW 140 2022
PDF – 120.4 KB 181 downloads

Transportation Law Flowcharts (14f)

Hazardous Materials

NEW 14f Chart2022
PDF – 137.5 KB 162 downloads

   New York State Tax Law 1815

PDF – 49.8 KB 168 downloads
  • 1815. Highway use and fuel use taxes. - (a) Violations. (1) It shall be unlawful for any person to:

    (A) (i) Use or cause or permit to be used, any public highway in this state for the operation of a motor vehicle subject to the provisions of article twenty-one of this chapter without first applying for and obtaining the certificate of registration required under such article or a decal that has been suspended or revoked or that was issued for a motor vehicle other than the one on which affixed. The operation of any motor vehicle on any public highway of this state without a decal required under such article shall be presumptive evidence that a certificate of registration or decal has not been obtained for such motor vehicle;

    (ii) Use or cause or permit to be used, any public highway in this state for the operation of a qualified motor vehicle subject to the provisions of article twenty-one-A of this chapter without first obtaining the license and decal required pursuant to such article or to carry or cause or permit to be carried upon any qualified motor vehicle a license or decal which has been suspended or revoked or which was issued for a qualified motor vehicle other than the one on which carried. The operation of any qualified motor vehicle on any public highway of this state without carrying thereon the license or decal required under such article shall be presumptive evidence that a license or decal has not been obtained for such qualified motor vehicle;

    (B) Operate, or cause or permit to be operated, on any public highway any motor vehicle subject to the provisions of article twenty-one of this chapter having an actual gross or unloaded weight in excess of the gross or unloaded weight set forth on the certificate of registration issued for such motor vehicle;

    (C) Fail to deliver or surrender, pursuant to the provisions of article twenty-one or twenty-one-A of this chapter or any rule or regulation promulgated by the commissioner, a certificate of registration or license or decal to such commissioner, or any person directed by such commissioner to take possession thereof;

    (D) Fail to keep records of operations of motor vehicles or qualified motor vehicles as the commissioner shall prescribe;

    (E) Violate any other provision of article twenty-one or twenty-one-A of this chapter or any rule or regulation promulgated thereunder.

    (2) Any person who violates any provision of this subdivision, upon a first conviction shall be subject to a fine of not less than one hundred dollars or more than two hundred fifty dollars; and upon a second or subsequent conviction to a fine of not less than two hundred fifty dollars or more than five hundred dollars or by imprisonment for not more than ten days. Except as otherwise provided by law such a violation shall not be a crime and the penalty or punishment imposed therefor shall not be deemed for any purpose a penal or criminal penalty or punishment and shall not impose any disability upon or affect or impair the credibility as a witness, or otherwise, of any person convicted thereof.

    (3) For the purposes of conferring jurisdiction upon courts and police officers, and on the officers specified in subdivision four of section 2.10 of the criminal procedure law and on judicial officers generally, such violations shall be deemed traffic infractions and for such purpose only all provisions of law relating to traffic infractions shall apply to such violations; provided, however, that the commissioner of motor vehicles, any hearing officer appointed by him, or any administrative tribunal authorized to hear and determine any charges or offenses which are traffic infractions shall not have jurisdiction of such infractions.

    (4) Upon the conviction of any person for a violation of any of the provisions of this subdivision, the trial court or the clerk thereof shall within forty-eight hours certify the facts of the case to the commissioner and such certificate shall be presumptive evidence of the facts recited therein. If any such conviction shall be reversed upon appeal therefrom, the person whose conviction has been so reversed may serve upon the commissioner a certified copy of the order of reversal and the commissioner shall thereupon record the same.

    (b) An official weigh slip or ticket issued and certified by any truck weigher in the employ of the department of transportation or by any duly licensed weight master shall constitute prima facie evidence of the information therein set forth and of the operation of the vehicle therein described upon a public highway and shall be admissible before any court in any violation proceeding or criminal proceeding.